Tobacco Side effect or ill effects

Tobacco most commonly affect on multiple parts of the body can causes multiple diseases


Tobacco contains multiple carcinogenic agents which increases the risk of cancer particularly lung cancer, oral cancer, cancers of the larynx, pancreatic cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, breast and cancer of the esophagus etc. Passive smoke may also cause cancer.


Chronic exposure of tobacco may responsible for pulmonary damage and for loss of elasticity in the alveoli, leading to emphysema and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It can cause shortness of breath, wheezing, persistent cough with sputum, triggering asthma, and damage to the lungs, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD is one of the leading causes of death.

 Cardiovascular disease 

It increases risk of heart disease, stroke, atherosclerosis, and peripheral vascular disease. Several ingredients of tobacco lead to the narrowing of blood vessels, increasing the likelihood of a blockage, and increased blood pressure, later heart attack or stroke.

 Cardiovascular disease 

Carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke exerts negative effects by reducing the blood's ability to carry oxygen. American biologists have determined that cigarette smoke influences the cell division in the cardiac muscle and changes heart's shape..


Tobacco can cause oral lesions & cancer in lips, tongue, cheek, mucosa & larynx etc. It can cause tooth discolouration, severe gum & periodontal diseases. It also may cause Xerostomia, which may increase the chance to develop caries tooth in the mouth.


Tobacco which contains Nicotine, it makes you feel relaxation & calmness when you are smoking, but it can make you anxious, nervous, moody, and depressed after you smoke.


Smoking is also linked to susceptibility to infectious diseases, like pneumonia & Streptococcus particularly in the lungs. Smoking increases the risk of Kaposi's sarcoma in people without HIV infection.

 Impotence & Female  infertility:

The incidence of impotence is approximately 85 percent higher in male smokers compared to non-smokers. Smoking is harmful to the ovaries, potentially causing female infertility.

Nicotine and other harmful chemicals in tobacco interfere to create estrogen, & affects regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium.

 Miscarriages is seen among pregnant smokers on multiple studies. Tobacco is very harmful to fetus, it can cause multiple defects to baby & can cause lower infant birth weights.